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My younger sister Danielle, myself in the center, my brother Brian on the right

Hi! I am practically brand new to medium as I write this in early February of 2021. I am also brand new to writing beyond the writing that everyone does — e-mail, texts, journaling, and all of that.

I love it! I’m addicted for some reason. It all started when the pandemic hit, and I found myself out of work with a lot of time on my hands. So I started writing about everything I could think of: social issues, politics, personal development, health. I’ve tried some fiction, and poetry as well.

I work as…


Great analysis! It's so true that the wealthy play an important role in society, namely that of innovation and investment. Money is nothing more than a tool and so there is no injustice in placing those tools in the hands of those who are the most capable at wielding them. Especially when the use of those tools benefits us all.

The objection that wealth concentration hurts people is unfounded. The amount of wealth in the world is not a fixed sum and the accumulation of it is not a zero-sum game. It is based on productivity and productivity is highly…


Reflections on some things I can’t get past my skull

Photo by Nick Scheerbart on Unsplash

I have a question about consciousness….

What is it?

The dictionary defines it as “the quality or state of being aware especially of something within oneself.” But consciousness is so much more than awareness. It involves an inner experience: sights, sounds, movies, words, ideas, sensations, and complex reasoning.

Often the human brain is compared to a computer. No doubt, there are many similarities. But when I think of consciousness, that is exactly where the comparison points to what I don’t know…what nobody knows.

For example, when I see a sunset on a video on my computer screen I know what…


Reflecting on the morality of capitalism

Photo by Brooke Cagle on Unsplash

“Fundamentally, there are only two ways of co-ordinating the economic activities of millions. One is central direction involving the use of coercion — the technique of the army and of the modern totalitarian state. The other is voluntary co-operation of individuals — the technique of the market place.”

– Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom

Often the quality of our beliefs is determined by the quality of the questions we ask. This is true when we ask questions about political and economic philosophy. I think it’s especially true when we consider the morality of economic systems like capitalism.

Before we get…


Some ideas are as appealing as they are appalling

Photo by Tingey Injury Law Firm on Unsplash

Albert Camus once said that “the welfare of humanity is the alibi of tyrants.” Indeed, on the ash heap of history lie countless corpses who were victims of philosophies that claimed to be about the greater good. Ideas can be dangerous things. But for an idea to ever get off the ground in the first place it has to sound grandiose and virtuous. Such is the seductive danger of pseudo-humanism — any doctrine that sounds moral on its face but in practice is demonstrably bankrupt of any morality at all.

Not all pseudo-humanist ideas lead to tyranny. Sometimes they just…


Capitalism and justice

Find out how much you are being exploited by your employer with this simple experiment

Photo by Sharon McCutcheon on Unsplash

Let’s imagine a hypothetical. Bob works at McDonalds. Bob is convinced that he is being underpaid at his current wage of $12 per hour. He is upset that McDonalds makes millions of dollars on his back.

But Bob’s not dumb. He realizes that the success of his company is due to more than his ability to flip burgers and serve customers. For instance, the building he works in represent millions of dollars in real estate investment that he is not involved with. It involves thousands of dollars in equipment. Millions of dollars and countless man-hours spent on marketing, prospecting, and…


Philosophical Shorts

Why the blank slate bias is fundamentally unsound

Photo by Eugene Zhyvchik on Unsplash

It is popular today to view many aspects of human behavior as being socially constructed. Although many people might not openly subscribe to social determinism — a viewpoint which claims that human behavior can be fully explained by the formation of social constructs — the assumption that our behavior is primarily rooted in human systems, traditions, and norms seems to permeate many of our discussions on social and political issues.

There is, essentially, a bias toward a social constructionist viewpoint. Notice, for instance, that conversations around racism make little mention of this flaw in human thinking having any possible root…


Bridging the cultural divide

Why understanding this peculiar new brand of “social justice” is vitally important

What in the world are people talking about when they use the term “woke” and why do so many people seem opposed to it? Those two questions are what I would like to explore in this post. My intention is not to build a case against wokeness — although it will be implied in some of the analysis — but to identify what it is and to shed some light on why it seems to be at the center of a whole new culture war — a war that is fundamentally different than that which was waged in past generations.


Philosophical Shorts

Exploring the real meaning behind this term

I think Jordan Peterson was the first person who I heard use the term identity politics and he seemed convinced that it was a negative influence in society. As it goes with many things Peterson says, I found his use of that language confusing and unclear. Ever since, I’ve refrained from using it myself because I have, until only recently, found the term impossible to define.

I’ve heard both Ta-Nehisi Coates and Robin DiAngelo refer to identity politics as a non-issue. Coates said in a talk several years ago that “all politics are identity politics,” and he gave the example…

Carmelo San Paolo

Writing about politics, philosophy, economics, culture. Non-partisan, anti-woke, humanist, defender of liberty. Trying to follow the evidence where it leads.

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